Sunday, 2 September 2018

Introduction of Automobile

What is an Automobile??

automobile is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation (from one location to another).

OR

A self-propelled vehicle powered by an IC engine/Steam engine/Electric motor, used for transportation.




Brief History

  • Around 1672- Ferdinand Verbiest, a priest from China built the first steam-powered vehicle (toy car) for the Chinese Emperor. 
  • Around 1769, Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot, Built the first self propelled (steam-powered) road vehicle (military tractor) for the French army.
  • In 1885, Karl Friedrich Benz from Germany built the first gasoline automobile powered by an internal combustion engine.
  • In 1888, a German inventor Andreas Flocken presented Flocken Elektrowagen - the first real electric car of the world.


Main Parts of an Automobile
Chassis
Suspension and Steering System
Transmission System
Braking System
Fuel Supply System
Engine
Electrical and Electronics

Changes over the years..
Brakes (By Frederick William Lanchester in 1901)
Aerodynamics
Automatic Transmission
Electronic Indicators (1939)
Air Conditioning (1940)
Power Steering
Seat Belts (1956)
Air Bag (1971)
Greater use of plastic
AWD
ABS
EFI
Computer Diagnostics
GPS

Indian Automobile Industry
The first car ran on Indian roads in 1897.
An embryonic automotive industry emerged in India in the 1940s. Hindustan was launched in 1942, long time competitor Premier in 1944.
Mahindra & Mahindra was established by two brothers in 1945, and began assembly of Jeep CJ-3A utility vehicles. Tata Motors also began in 1945.
The growth was relatively slow in the 1950s and 1960s due to nationalization and the license raj which hampered the Indian private sector.
In 1980s, Suzuki and Toyota of Japan and Hyundai of South Korea, were allowed to invest in the Indian market ultimately leading to the establishment of an automotive industry in India.
To promote the auto industry the government started the Delhi Auto Expo which had its debut showcasing in 1986.
As India began to liberalize their automobile market in 1991, a number of foreign firms also initiated joint ventures with existing Indian companies.
Today the automotive industry in India is one of the largest automotive markets in the world.
The majority of India's car manufacturing industry is based around three clusters in the south, west and north with revenue share of 35%, 33%  and 32% respectively.



                                                                                 

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