Sunday 29 August 2021

Brakes System ।। Vehicle System ।।

In an automobile vehicle, a braking system is an arrangement of various linkages and components (brake lines or mechanical linkages, brake drum or brake disc , master cylinder or fulcrums etc) that are arranged in such a fashion that it converts the vehicle's kinetic energy into the heat energy which in turn stops or de-accelerate the vehicle.

A vehicle in motion is stopped using a brake mechanism consisting of a caliper/actuator, rotor/drum, pads/shoes, hydraulic lines, and electrical systems. A brake mechanism is located at each of the four-hub/wheel locations on the car/truck and is linked to a master cylinder by hydraulic fluid lines. As you depress the brake pedal, you are applying a force to control the braking of the vehicle. Your force is not enough power to brake the vehicle so it is multiplied through the use of a master cylinder, which produces hydraulic pressure to the brake calipers. The calipers apply friction to the rotor, which applies friction power between the tires and the ground, then allowing the vehicle to slow down. Electrical systems at the wheels can calculate over- brake conditions known as lock-up and compensate power distribution to each wheel for better stopping performance and control. This form of braking system is known as Anti-lock Braking System (ABS).


Need of a braking system:-

- To stop the moving vehicle.
-To de accelerate the moving vehicle.
-For stable parking of a vehicle either on a flat surface or on a slope.
-As a precaution for accidents.
-To prevent the vehicle from any damage due to road conditions.

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